May be you have already noticed while reading about the subway lines of St. Petersburg that some of the subway stations differ from others. It seems rational for me to notify about critical features of some stations, so your subway ride will be full of joy.
Lobby of station “Площадь Ленина” (Ploshad’ Lenina), that is leading to Botkinskaya (Боткинская) street closed at 10pm, whereas another exit works till 12.28am.
Технологический институт (Tehnologicheskiy Institute)- the exit from the car is on the on the right side when moving from one station to another, more information is here
Площадь Восстания (Ploshad’ Vosstaniya)– 3 exits to the city (one is through transit station “Маяковская“), more information is given in the article about the 1st subway line.
Пушкинская – the lobby of the station is closed right now, the exit is from the lobby of another station – “Звенигородская“, more information is given in the article about the 1st subway line.
Ленинский Проспект: there are two exits from the station: one leads to Бульвар Новаторов, another one to Ленинский проспект, be attentive (one of the exits opens later and closes earlier, check the information in advance on the official website of the subway).
Проспект Ветеранов: there are two exits from the station: one leads to Проспект Ветеранов, another one to Дачный проспект, be attentive (one of the exits opens later and closes earlier, check the information in advance on the official website of the subway).
2 line of St. Petersburg subway
Невский Проспект – there are three exits from the station (one is from the station Невский Проспект–
to Михайловская street, after transition to Гостиный Двор – one exit leads to Невский проспект, 35, from the side of bug shopping mall Gostiniy Dvor, another exit goes to Griboedova Canal (канал Грибоедова). All the exits have different schedules of work, check the information about them in advance on the official website of the subway. The lobby that stands on the Griboedova Canal is closed for entrance during the work days from 7.30am to 10 am and from 4pm to 6.30 pm.
Технологический институт – see the information above.
Сенная Площадь=Садовая=Спасская, they all have the exits to Sennaya Square (Сенная площадь). All the exits have different schedules of work, check the information about them in advance on the official website of the subway.
Московская – there are two exits from the station: one leads to Altayskaya street and the airport, another one- to the Типанова street (there are the pointers at the station). The exit that leads to the transport stop to the airport opens earlier and closes later than another, check the information about them in advance on the official website of the subway.
3 line of St. Petersburg subway
Василеостровская – the first two doors of the first car are never open.
Гостиный двор – three exits to the city, check information about “Невский проспект” station above.
Маяковская – three exits to the city, check information about “Площадь Восстания” station above.
4 line of St. Petersburg subway
Достоевская –the lobby of the station is closed during holidays and weekends, the entrance and exit are available at the transition station “Владимирская“.
Площадь Александра Невского-1 – the lobby of the station works from 7am to 8pm, the entrance and exit are available at the transition station Площадь Александра Невского-2 (the 3rd line).
5 line of St. Petersburg subway
Спортивная – while going to Spasskaya direction the doors are open on the right side, the train comes to the lower floor.
“Komendantsky Prospect” is a column-wall station of deep foundation. The station is the last in the line. One of the deepest stations in the St. Petersburg subway. For the first time in the history of the St. Petersburg metro they used cermet plates for the walls and ceiling of the station .
The theme of the decoration station – sky and aeronautics. Station has a sky blue color. The lobby and the underground hall are decorated with panels of blue mosaic, related to aviation. At the end of the underground hall there is a bright mosaic “Flying by a balloon.”
On a panel placed above the escalator way, there are gray figures of aviators against the blue sky and planes. Valery Chkalov stands near the aviator Rogozin, the hero of the First World War. The lower part has the inscription ” Glory for centuries to the first Russian aviators.” The plot of this heroic and historic mosaic can be explained due the district in which the station is located. The panel reminds that in vicinities there was a Komendantsky (Commandant’s) airfield associated with the first steps of Russian aviation and its military history.
Short walls, interrupted by rows of columns, are decorated with eighteen mosaic medallions. There are fourportraits of pilots and constructors, whose names were given to surrounding streets: Utochkin, Polikarpov, Ilyushin, Kotelnikov. On twelve mosaics there are images of air combat, on two other mosaics- commemorative inscriptions.
“Krestovsky Ostrov” is a column-wall station of deep foundation (≈ 49 m depth), it was named for its location on Krestovsky Island. It was the first station in Russia made in precast concrete.
The end wall is decorated by mirrors that visually lengthens the platform (that was made for the first time in Russia). Also for the first time the Roman designation of opening year of station was used. That is located in the end, on the frieze of the pediment, that is separated from the arch. The floors are made of polished granite decorated by dark red squares on a gray background.
Each wall connecting the two columns, is decorated with mosaics. the rivers (in the central tunnel) and islands (in the opposite sides) are allegorically represented on them. Overall there are twelve round mosaic medallions on the station. On the wall near the escalator there is a memorial plaque. It says that artistic decoration of the station is a gift of “Pulkovo” airport in honor of the 300 anniversary of St. Petersburg.
“Sportivnaya” was opened on the 15th of September 1997. Was named due to the proximity of two major sports objects- the
stadium “Petrovskiy” and the Palace of Sports “Yubileiniy.” This is the only two-storied station with four ways in the former Soviet Union. Trains of one line come to different floors. The second way of each floor is still empty (there are even no rails). In the future it will be an interchange node (as far as I know, I may be mistaken).
The second feature of ” Sportivnaya ” the part of the station lies under the Neva River. In the future, there will be the second exit from the station (it will be extended from the lower hall to Vasilevsky Island).
Architecture and design
“Sportivnaya” -architecture of station continues the tradition of the first phase of the metro, representing a synthesis of monumental painting, sculpture and architecture.
The lobby is decorated in a sports theme. There is a mosaic “Olympic flame” located above an inclined course, it echoes the compositional medallions on the walls. Mosaics are supplemented by “Greek” lamps that illuminate the ceiling above the escalators.
In the end wall of the upper tier station there are seen the lyrics “Ode to Sport” by Pierre de Coubertin, every line of this work begins with the words “Oh sport, you are …” and ends with the words “pleasure”, “architect”, “justice”, “challenge” “nobility”, “joy”, “fruitfulness”, “progress”, “peace.” There are also the inserts on the track walls of the lower tier, reflecting the Olympic theme of antiquity.
There is one more mosaic panel on the ground floor of station.
“Admiralteyskaya” – is the 65th St. Petersburg subway station. Located between the stations “Sadovaya” and “Sportivnaya”. Was opened on the 28th of December 2011. During navigation time it was one of two stations open at night for the passage of passengers from one central island to another.
The lobby is decorated in a style that echoes the design of underground station. The walls of the lobby are lined with “Gazgan” marble. Ceiling, based on a series of massive black fluted columns, is decorated with illuminated composition “wind rose”, oriented on parts of the world; the inclined course of escalators is decorated above with the mosaic panel “Admiralty”.
Decoration of the station is devoted to the sea theme. The floors are paved with gray and red granite, with three inlaid wind roses fringed by golden navy chevron made of granite “ochre” tone. The track walls are lined with blue-gray marble. Doors on track walls are decorated with lattices with anchors. The arcade of station is trimmed by marble of cream-golden tones.Arches are supplemented with the black semi-columns made of aluminum alloy with plinths and capitals of polished brass.
End of the central hall of the station is decorated with mosaic “The base of the Admiralty.” End of the pedestrian corridor between large and small sloping passages is decorated with a mosaic panel “Neva”, further you can see a set mosaic “Neptune”.
The spaces between the columns are decorated with medallions with bas-reliefs Russian admirals and admirals: Ushakov, Nakhimov, Makarov, Apraksin, Bellingshausen and Grigorovich.
“Admiralteyskaya” is the nearest station to the following squares: Palace, St. Isaac’s and Senate.
This is the deepest Petersburg subway station (86 m), earlier it was ” Komendantsky Prospect” (75 m). Also it is the deepest subway station in Russia.
At the time of opening of the station it was the third deepest in the CIS, after the station “Arsenalnaya” and “Pecherskaya” in Kiev.
The station could become the 500th in the CIS, if it was opened 2 days earlier. But the Kiev station “Vystavochniy center” was the 500th (and 50th metro station in Kiev) and ” Admiralteyskaya” became the 501th.
“Zvenigorodskaya”station is called so due to its location on Zvenigorodskaya street named for the city of Zvenigorod. It is located between the stations “Sadovaya” and “Obvodniy Сanal”.
Decoration of the station is devoted to Semenovsk Infantry Regiment of the Guards- earlier on the site of station hall there were the caserns, where soldiers and commanders used to live. Major artistic decoration materials that were applied at the station were smalt and gold. There is a mosaic panel at the station made of smalt with the image of the very first soldiers of Peter the Great, executed in workshop of Russian academy of Arts.
There is transition to the 1st line, “Pushkinskaya” station.
“Obvodny Canal” is the 64th St. Petersburg subway station. It is located between the stations “Zvenigorodskaya” and “Volkovskaya.”
Underground hall is performed in the industrial architecture style. The track walls are decorated with glass-ceramic panels with the view of Obvodniy channel – it is showing the sights of the end of XIX century. On one side of the platform there is a right bank of the embankment, on the other – the left. The total length of the composition is 360 meters. After opening of the station, passengers noticed the discrepancy in the design of the panel and it was slightly altered.
“Volkovskaya” is a pylon station of deep location (depth is 61 m). It is located between the stations ” Obvodny Canal” and “Bukharestskaya”.
The name is explained by the location of lobby near Volkovskoye Avenue, River Volkovka, historical district Volkovo, Volkovkoe cemetery and freight railway station Volkovskaya.
The walls of the stationare of lilac color (the color of the 5th line), granite floor is gray with black and white tracks.
The station is adorned with two artistic and decorative panels made of marble of various colors in the art of Florentine mosaic (the one that is located next to the escalator, is called “Volkovo village”).
That is the first station in St. Petersburg subway, where all information signs and labels are duplicated in English (for the convenience of tourists).
“Bukharestskaya” is the 66th St. Petersburg subway station, located between stations “Volkovskaya” and “Mezhdynarodnaya”. “Bukharestskaya” is a pylon station of deep location.
The walls of the lobby are partially covered with gray marble; ceiling is based on two rows of columns of the original form, decorated with red marble. The space above the escalator is decorated by mosaic panel with a stylized image of the Romanian landscape.
The central hall of the station is illuminated by a group of chandeliers of original form. Along the eaves of the station there runs a frieze with variegated yellow floral pattern mosaic.
There is a tit hidden in one of the striking mosaic strips in the central hall of the station.
“Mezhdynarodnaya” is a column – wall station of deep location. It is the 67th in St. Petersburg subway, the terminal station of the 5th line, located behind the station “Bukharestskaya”.
The station is named due to its location in the area where the names of many streets which are assigned after cities and public figures in Eastern Europe, that were part of the Warsaw Pact and Finland. For instance, Bucharestskaya, Budapeshtskaya, Turku and others.
Floor is trimmed with gray granite, columns are covered with golden brass sheets with railings of the same color. Southern end of the central nave is decorated with mosaic panel depicting Atlanta, holding the Earth. To the left of the panel there is a place for a future transition to the station of a circle line.
The original panel with Atlas was changed: the part of the cloth was prolonged, covering some parts of the Atlas body as the initial image was considered to be unacceptable.
Please, check out the article about special stations that differ from others.
The second line of the St. Petersburg metro was opened in 1961.
Concerning architectural beauty, the second line of the subway has nothing outstanding to show. Most of its stations was built in Khrushchev’s time to reduce the cost of construction and architectural expenses, so typical plan of those stations was a short central hall, tiles on the walls, almost no sculptural decorations. The station type “horizontal lift” (“Park Pobedy”) appeared there for the first time of the world history. Also this subway line was the first in the USSR (in 1965) to get a system of automatic driving – automatic control of trains without drivers.
The station is located in the Sennaya Square (which could be translated as Haymarket area), from which it inherited its name. It’s former name is a “Square of Peace”.
“Sennaya Ploshad’” – is a subway station located on the 2nd line between the stations “Technologeskiy Institute” and “Nevsky Prospect”. It was opened on the 1st of July 1963 as part of the section “Technologeskiy Institute ” – “Petrogradskaya.”
Station looks in a simple way, pylons are covered with marble, track walls have blue ceramic tiles (the color of the peace). Lamps illuminating the central hall and platforms, are hidden behind cornices of gratings.
At the southern end of the station there is a transition to the station “Spasskaya”. The end face at transition is decorated by inscription: 1703 Санкт-Петербург 1914 Петроград 1924 Ленинград 1991 Санкт-Петербург (1703 St. Petersburg 1914 Petrograd 1924 Leningrad 1991 St. Petersburg) symbolizing the renaming of the city. Under the inscription there is a panel with three columns: Ionic on the left, Doric in the center and Corinthian on the right, symbolizing three various architectural styles.
In the middle of the station there is one more transition – to the 5th line, “Sadovaya” station.
“Frunzenskaya” is a station of pylon type located between stations “Moscovskiye Vorota” and “Technologeskiy Institute”. It was opened in 1961 as part of the first section of 2nd line.
The station is named in honor of revolutionary, Soviet statesman and military leader Mikhail Frunze.
End of the central hall is decorated with bas-relief of aluminum and red glazes, depicting Comrade Frunze on horseback, surrounded by Red Army men and against battle flags.
The platform hall is simple: the poles revetted with white marble expand upward, the travel walls are covered with a tile, later replaced by marble.
The station is located on Moskovsky Prospect in place of its confluence with the Ligovsky Prospect, near Moscow Triumphal Gate, from which it derives its name. This is the pylon type of station.
At the end of the central hall there is a sculptural work, a similar set to Moscow Triumphal Gate.
“Electrosila” is a pylon station of deep location, opened in 1961. The theme of the interior station is energy development in the Soviet Union. Named due to the proximity to one of the largest national electromechanical engineering enterprise – ” Electrosila”.
Hall station is located on Moscow avenue, at the beginning of the street Reshetnikov. Pavilion is constructed on a standard project (similar to pavilions stations of “Park Pobedy”, “Frunzenskaya”, “Gorkovskaya”) and looks as a squat building of spherical shape with a dome and glazed entrances, resembling a kiosk.
“Electrosila” – the station of deep location pylon type with a short central nave (hall) (≈ 35 m depth). The station completes a series of seven consecutive pylon stations on the second line.
Theme decorating station is devoted to energy development in USSR (State plan Electrification of Russia – GOELRO). End of the central hall is decorated with ceramic panel “Electrification of the USSR”. In the southwest schematic tile there are the words of Lenin: “Communism is Soviet power plus the electrification of the whole country”.
Graphically clearly traced rectangular apertures between the central hall and platform give the station a kind of “machine” features. There are unusual lamps in the form of compact, geometrized form blocks placed in apertures.
Take note: some of the stations of the line are unusual for use, check the information on the sections about the subways.
The 3rd subway line
The third line of the St. Petersburg metro was opened in 1961.
Concerning architectural beauty, this is the least outstanding line of Petersburg subway. This is the line of St. Petersburg subway with the longest transhumance (the length between the stations “Ploshad’ Alexandra Nevskogo” and “Elizarovskaya” is 4.7 km – this is the longest distance between stations in Russia).
Mayakovskaya is a station of “horizontal lift” type. It is located between stations “Gostiniy Dvor” and ” Ploshad’ Alexandra Nevskogo “. Ground station lobby is located on the corner of Nevsky Prospekt and Marata street, across Mayakovskaya street. The station operates since 1967.
The only thing that distinguishes it from other stations of this type – it is the structure of the walls and color. The walls of the station are decorated as a vertical ladder. The walls of the station are lined with smalt intense red tones. In the end of the hall walls there is a portrait of the poet, executed in mosaic in the acute graphic manner.
In the ground lobby in front of the escalator hall there is an art composition, dedicated to Vladimir Mayakovsky (made of copper). At the part of the ground lobby that is facing Nevsky Prospekt there is the image of the poet and poetry:
HAMMER AND VERSE,
The earth of young!
On the side of the escalator the well-known lines are typed:
THAT WILL BE!
The height of the letters is 80 mm, the width is 20 mm.
Take note – when hearing the name of the station, you will know that there is a transition to the trains of the 1st line, but you will never hear that from Mayakovskaya platform you can get to the train “Moskovsky Station.” (take into consideration that information while reading about the 1st subway line)
Lomonosovskaya – the station of “horizontal lift” type, completes a series of six consecutive stations of the same “horizontal lift” type, (from the station Vasileoostrovskaya). It is located between the stations “Elizarovskaya” and “Proletarskaya”.
The station was opened on the 21st of December1970 year as a part of the line “Ploshad’ Alexandra Nevskogo” – “Lomonosovskaya”. It was named due to its location near Porcelain Factory, founded with the participation of Lomonosov, at the time of opening the station the factory was called “Lomonosov Porcelain Factory.”
The lobby is located on a small hill. Hall station is located in the park, which was the former site of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky cemetery.
When the “Lomonosovskaya” was the ultimate station, there was a metal circuit of the line in the lobby, but with the extension of the line it was dismantled.
The design of platform hall has calm, “porcelain” color and unusual architectural forms with the walls tilt inside the hall. Above each door niche there is a brass inscription “Lomonosov”. End wall of white marble is decorated with bronze bas relief dedicated to Mikhail Lomonosov.
The 4th subway line
Ploshchad Aleksandra Nevskogo-2
“Ploshchad Aleksandra Nevskogo-2″ – this is the first station, which began the history of line of the 4th line in 1985, it is located at the end of Nevsky Prospekt, near the Alexander Nevsky Square and the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. The lobby is decorated with mosaics “Battle on the Ice” (that was a battle between the Republic of Novgorod and the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Knights (whose army consisted mostly of Estonians) on the 5th of April, 1242, at Lake Peipus. Russian 20- year-old Prince Alexander Nevsky triumphed in that battle and became a hero, the Square has his name).
It is a column station of deep location. Decoration of the track walls is created in the form of golden armor, which should resemble the exploits of the great Russian generals. Columns are covered by white marble.
There is a transition to the station “Ploshchad’ Aleksandra Nevskogo-1″ of the third line.
Additional information: be sure to walk to the middle of the transition and look at the bas-relief, popularly known as “five men on four horses” – no one can explain how can five knights ride four horses!
“Avtovo” is located between the stations “”Leninsky Prospekt” and “Kirovskiy zavod “. The station was named due to the location in historic place called Avtovo.
It is famous for its columns with decorative glass, a special cut of which, thanks to the refraction of the light beam, creates an unusual glow effect of columns from inside.
The station was opened on the 15th of November1955 year as a part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”, and the first train that arrived to Leningrad subway came there.
Pavilion of station is decorated by twin six-columned portico and a dome.
The base of the dome has the following words: “Glory for centuries to brave defenders of Leningrad, who defend the city-hero in the battles”. The facades of pavilion are decorated by panels “Defense of Petrograd in 1919″ and “the defense of Leningrad in 1941-1943.”
There is also a panel “Defenders of Leningrad” in pavilion .
“Avtovo” – Shallow column station, so-called “Moscow style” (the depth is just 12 m). It was the first shallow station in the line.
The defense of Leningrad is also a theme of underground part of station. Chandeliers, lamps, ornaments of lattices are decorated with laurel branches, gilded swords and other emblems of military valor. The face wall of the central underground hall is decorated by the mosaic panel “Victory”, depicting a woman with a baby, symbolizing peace.
Flat ceiling of the hall is held by 46 columns. Not all columns are round: there are two square columns at the entrance to the station. 30 columns are lined with marble, and 16 – with decorative plates of molded glass with a reflux relief (due to lack of funds not all the columns were covered with glass). For prevention of cracking of glass at an immersion of concrete columns supporting structures, glass panels were fixed by a decorative metal strip wrapped around the column. The internal surface of glass panels had a cut relief, with a corner of sides of 80 degrees. Due to such a cutting the optical effect is created — light is reflected from sides before it reaches concrete, and transparent glass ceases to shine through. Therefore support structures are not visible under the glass and all columns appear to be glass monoliths.
Achieving that effect was quite difficult, since the faces had to be placed at a certain angle (80 degrees). Big help in creation of such a station was given by scientists, especially the famous connoisseur of art glass, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences N.N. Katchalov.
The station still keeps the board, which shows whether the train goes farther or leaves the depot.
Features of the station:
Glass has long been used as a cladding material, but it was used for the first time for decoration of the subway station.
“Avtovo” became the first station of the Leningrad underground without escalators.To the top
“Kirovskiy zavod” is a deep column station of St. Petersburg subway. Located between the stations “Narvskaya” and “Avtovo.”
The station was opened on the 15th of November1955 year as a part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. It was named due to the proximity of the territory of Kirov factory.
The pavilion is made in the typical for that time classic style, its shape is resembling an ancient Greek temple, which has a wide granite staircase. The rectangle of the building is formed by 44 Doric columns with flutes.
Theme of station – the development of socialist industry.
Underground station hall is lined with smoky-gray Caucasian marble. 31 pairs of columns arranged in two long rows and connected by flat arches, organize prospect of stati ons. The top of each column is decorated with cast aluminum with high- reliefs with industrial emblems. Chasing and partial polishing of high-reliefs make impression of silver appearance. 32 pairs of cartouches (the first from an entrance on station is established on the edge of a wall) are devoted to four bases of the heavy industry: electrification, coal, oil and metallurgical industry. Under high-reliefs it was planned to post marble boards with letters of Leningrad residents to “the father of nations” Stalin.
For the first time in the history of St. Petersburg subway they used “luverly lighting” for decoration of an underground station. The grummet represents the pass-through lattice consisting of strips of organic glass. There are the lamps of “daylight” behind it at a certain distance, and the light passing through square openings of a lattice, creates smooth, calm lighting. The soft, diffused light streams from above, from the square light plafonds which are cut through in a ceiling. That creates the illusion that there is an open sky above, behind the arches.
The ceiling of the central hall is decorated with a stucco molding. It has the letter “K” surrounded by wreaths of leaves and a star. In 2005 Lenin’s bust was opened after long restoration and placed at a face wall of the central hall. There is “path” to the bust made of claret granite with the black-and-white edging conducts.
The station also has a door with the of opening the line-1955.To the top
” Narvskaya” is a deep pylon station of Petersburg subway. It is located between the stations “Baltiyskaya” and “Kirovskiy Zavod”.
The station was opened on the 15th of November 1955 as part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – ” Ploshad Vosstaniya.” It was named due to the location in the historic district of Narva Gate. The pavilion is located on the Stachek (Strikes) Square (Narva are in the past) where the Narva Triumphal Gate stands.
Over the course of escalator there is an installed panel “Glory to labor!”. The group of workers, military, women and children that gathered for a rally on Lenin square looks into the empty center of high-relief. Most likely, the original figure in the center had to be Stalin.
Theme of station – labor valor of the Soviet people.
On a face wall of the central underground hall originally there was a big mosaic panel “Stalin on a Tribune”. In 1961, after the XXII Congress of the CPSU, the panel was closed by a marble trim wall. In the fenced off area there was hosted a conference room, later it was converted into linear point of drivers of “Avtovo” depot, which is still there. This mosaic was not exposed in the museum of Subway and with a lack of information no one knows if the panel still exists.
The side walls of the pylons of the central underground hall are decorated with high-relief depicting people of different occupations (48 panels with 12 recurring theme):
” Baltiyskaya ” is a deep column station of St. Petersburg subway. It is located between the stations “Narvskaya” and “Technologeskiy Institute”. The station was opened on the 15th of November 1955 as part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – ” Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The name derives from the proximity to the train station. Baltiyskaya – is a station of two train stations. The ground lobby hall is located near the Baltic station, and Warsaw railway station is not far away.
Between the columns of the portico ground pavilion, in a niche behind a colonnade above the doorways there are five bas-reliefs of outstanding Russian naval commanders:
Portrait of Admiral Ushakov.
Portrait of Admiral Lazarev.
Portrait of Admiral VA Kornilov.
Portrait of Admiral Nakhimov.
Portrait of Admiral Makarov.
Later I will make a page about all these people (track the news!)To the top
The decoration of the station shows power and glory of the Soviet Union as a great naval country. There is an illusion of marine space, which is created by gray-blue walls lined by Ural marble. Impression is reinforced when looking at the ceiling. The walls are swollen like a sail. No chandeliers or lamps are seen, light pours out of the eaves from 1200 hidden lamps.
The props of arches are decorated by semi-columns. Ribbed vault ceiling is bordered by two zigzag blue ribbons, associated with swollen sail. On the door track walls there are installed decorative lattice, with images of the anchor.
End wall of the central hall is decorated with mosaic underground “1917”, made by the sketch artists in Florentine mosaic technique – drawing was gathered from large pieces of marble and color stones. On the panels you can see the revolutionary sailors of the Baltic Sea, together with the workers and soldiers going to storm the Winter Palace and a silhouette of the cruiser “Aurora” on a background .
Features of the station:
Prior to the opening line they wanted to portray Stalin surrounded by seamen-Baltic Fleet sailors, but the project was abolished. Also the architects wanted to put a map of the area with the purpose of showing the part of the Baltic Sea in Leningrad, that was not implemented, too.To the top
Description of station:
“Technological Institute” –was the first in the USSR (and the only in St. Petersburg) station with rewiring (commutating) ways: the trains of the two lines come in one room, for an interchange of lines the passanger should cross the platform to another side. For going in the opposite direction the passenger needs to go to another hall (you can see the examples of interchanging there).
The station is located between the stations “Baltiyskaya” and “Pushkinskaya”, as well as the 2nd line between the stations “Sennaya Ploshad’” and “Frunzenskaya”. This is the biggest station of the initial subway line.
The station consists of two halls, the first of which was opened in the 15th of November 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya.” It was named due to the location of ground lobby is located in the vicinity of the Institute of Technology. The Office of St. Petersburg Underground is located in the same building.
The first hall
The main material used for the decoration of the station was ural marble.
Initially, in the central space of platform hall, between the columns (in the “round room”), the walls were decorated with medallions of “luminaries of science” – Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin. During the transition construction the bas-reliefs of Friedrich Engels and Joseph Stalin were taken away (now they are displayed in the St. Petersburg Museum of subway) and two others (of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin) remained there. Besides being decorated by the bas-reliefs, the station is ornamented with wreaths of laurel and palm branches which are considered to be symbols of science. In the center of the arch of the round hall there is a small multicolored stained glass window simulating the surface. The columns of the underground hall have 24 bas-reliefs of outstanding Russian and Soviet scientists.
The main theme of design is the achievements of Russian and Soviet science.
Here is a list of the most world-famous persons depicted in the bas-reliefs:
Michurin (1855-1935) – biologist
Bekhterev (1857-1927) – physician
Timiryazev (1843-1920) – scientist
Mechnikov (1845-1916) – biologist
Popov (1859-1905) – physicist
Yablochkov (1847-1894) – Electrical engineer
Maclay (1846-1888) – the ethnographer
Pirogov (1810-1881) – surgeon
Lobachevsky (1792-1856) – mathematician
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765) – the first Russian scientist naturalist of world importance, the poet.
Przhevalsky (1839-1888) – Russian traveler and naturalist.
Kovalevskaya (1850-1891) – Russian mathematician and engineer.
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935) – Russian scientist theorist and researcher, founder of modern astronautics.
Mendeleev (1834-1907) – an outstanding Russian chemist.
When constructing transitions, along with reliefs Engels and Stalin, the following bas-reliefs were removed:
Favorsky (1860-1945) – Russian and Soviet chemist.
A.N.Krylov (1863-1945) – Russian and Soviet naval.
P.s. Later I will make a page about all these people (track the news!)
The second hall in contrary to the first, has a simple, functional style (it was built in the years of lack of excesses). The platforms of stations are decorated simply, with marble walls of the pylons and the track walls – black and white tile with a strip of gray granite on the top.
Marble pylons are decorated with chronological inscriptions on the achievements of Soviet science and technology. The Chronicle is conducted from 1920 to 1979.
The list of accomplishments published on the station (I’ve added world famous ones)
1934: The Soviet scientists first developed the theory of chain reactions.
1937: There was first Soviet drifting station in the Arctic.
1938: Exploration of the Great Northern Sea Route
1953: High-speed electronic computers were created in the Soviet Union.
1954: The first-ever nuclear power plant gave current.
1955: jet passenger planes were created in the USSR.
1957: Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial earth satellite.
1958: In the USSR the world’s largest synchrophasotron became operational. The first Soviet automatic factory was also built.
1959: The Soviet space rocket reached the surface of the moon. the world’s first nuclear-powered icebreaker “Lenin” was built. Soviet missil photographed an invisible side of the Moon.
1960: In the USSR, the world’s first artificial diamonds were produced. The invention and the beginning of the technical development of optical quantum generators lasers. The first ships with hydrofoils were created In the USSR.
1961: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made a space flight In the 12th of April for the first time in the world.
1965: Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov made the first spacewalk ever.
1969: the world’s first set of continuous steel casting was created and developed In the USSR.
1970: For the first time in the history a Soviet self-propelled vehicle “Lunokhod-1″ was delivered to the moon. For the first time in the history the Soviet automatic station brought back to Earth the lunar soil.
1971: The launch of the first Soviet scientific long-term orbital station “Salyut”.
1977: The Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker “Arktika” for the first time in the history of navigation reached the North Pole.To the top
“Pushkinskaya” – St. Petersburg metro station. It is situated between the stations “Technologicheskiy Institute ” and “Vladimirskaya”.
It was named due to the proximity of the Vitebsky station (ex. Tsarskoye Selo), that was connecting St. Petersburg with city of Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo), where the famous poet Aleksandr Pushkin lived and studied in the Lyceum from 1811 to 1817 (later Pushkin lived in Tsarskoye Selo in 1831). Originally the clearance of a station was planned to be devoted to the construction of the Tsarskoye Selo Railway, the first in Russia In the final project the subject changed — the station became entirely devoted to the great Russian poet, and now it is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the Petersburg subway.
On December 1, 2013 the station lobby was closed for repairs for a major overhaul of the oblique stroke and-swap escalators. For an entrance and exit of the station passengers should use a lobby of the 5th line station Zvenigorodskaya that is connected with “Pushkinskaya” by an interchange pedestrian tunnels. Opening of a Pushkinskaya station lobby after repair is planned on 30th of June 2015 year (keep track on the news).
The lobby includes:
The central circular room, the ceiling of which is decorated with a stucco molding.
There is a square hall, separated from the central circular hall big arch, located above the escalator rise. Above an inclined course There is a bas-relief medallion with a profile image of Pushkin on the wall of that hall.
Pylons are faced with white marble, floor is lined with dark red granite. On the edge of the red granite there is a tiled pattern of black and white stone. The station is illuminated by black metal light fixtures with crystal bowls which are standing in the niches. Lamps are decorated with gilded stylized shields, spears and other finishing details.
At the end face of the central underground hall there is a statue of Pushkin made by Anikushin (the author of Pushkin monument placed on the Arts Square). Behind the statue there is a panel of artist M. Engelke representing a part of “Tsarskoye Selo” park. The panel is illuminated from below by fluorescent lamps. Thanks to soft, matte colors, illumination and an arrangement of separate parts of composition everyone has the feeling of standing not at the end of the station, but in front of attractive park.
The floor of passes on platforms is laid out by granite with the simple tile of light color around it.
On the track walls of platforms there are seen tiles of two colors: the bottom – black, top – white; there are also the doors with decorative lattices marked as “1955” (the station was opened in 1956, but for the stations of the first line the same lattices were made in advance). Platforms are lit with small graceful chandeliers. Two chandeliers were removed from a ceiling over the platform in a place of underpass to “Zvenigorodskaya” station and put in underpass.To the top
Features of the station:
The station is considered to be the first memorial in the underground of the USSR. The first underground monument was installed here. Besides, this monument — not the only monument to Pushkin in St. Petersburg subway (the second monument is located at the station “Chernaya Rechka”).
The length of “Pushkinskaya” – “Technologicheskiy institute” haul is about 780 meters. This is one of the shortest spans in St. Petersburg subway.
This is the only St. Petersburg subway station, which is not connected to the train station building that is located nearby. To get to Vitebskiy train station, you need to get out of the station hall (when it is open).
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange node to trains of the 5th line (the station “Zvenigorodskaya”).
Vladimirskaya is the station of pylon type. It is situated between the stations “Pushkinskaya” and ” Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The station was opened November 15, 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The name is explained by Vladimirskaya Square and Vladimirsky Avenue located nearby.
All underground hall is revetted with white Ural marble, harmonizes well with bronze decoration items. The dark granite floor and massive chandeliers contrast with a white smooth surface of walls. The track walls are also covered with marble.
Station lobby faced with golden-yellow marble. The building of a ground entrance closely adjoins walls of the Kuznetchniy market, that defined the subject of a bright mosaic panel “Plenitude”.
Features of the station:
The length of haul “Vladimirskaya” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya” is 720 meters. This is the shortest stage in Petersburg subway.
In 1991 for creating a transfer to another line the central hall was extended a little due to wrecking of the service premises occupying earlier part of lateral halls of station. As a result of reconstruction end faces of lateral halls look is absolutely unlike the main part of station: the main part of station is revetted with marble and lit with lamps with a yellowish range, and end faces of platforms are painted in a simple way and lit with luminescent tubes.
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange node to trains of the 4th line (station “Dostoevsky”).To the top
Ploshad Vosstaniya – station of pylon type, was opened November 15, 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. It was named due to the location – the Uprising Square (in Russian “Площадь Восстания”).
Due to the fact that the first stations were planned to have separate lobbies with domes, the appearance of the lobby of this station resembles a temple (by the way, earlier there was Znamenskaya Church (of the Sign) located on the site of the vestibule, and the square was also known as Znamenskaya (of the Sign). Later it was renamed Uprising Square in honor of the revolt of 1917). The building, which is considered to be one of the symbols of St. Petersburg subway has a rotunda with a spire that was crowned with a star in a laurel wreath since the construction. A month before the opening of a monument to the Uprising Square, also crowned by a star, a star on the steeple of the metro station was replaced by the letter “M” (meaning , “Metro”). Later, the letter disappeared.
The theme of underground hall – October armed Uprising in 1917.
On the pylons of the central underground hall in interchange between the escalator and exit to the Moscow Railway Station there are four bas-reliefs:
“Speech of Lenin at the Tauride Palace”. Sculptor A.I. Dalinenko (contains the only remaining image of Stalin in St. Petersburg)
“V. Lenin at the shelter at Sestroretzkiy Razliv (the lake) “. Sculptor V.B. Pinchuk
“Shot of “Aurora””. Sculptor A. Razumovsky
“Storming of the Winter Palace”. Sculptor V.I. Tatarovich
The track walls are decorated with the same red marble and decorative plaster cornices, like the rest part of the station. In the lower part of the walls there is the black strip of tiles, the same as in the rest of the first stations of the line. On the doors of the track walls there were decorative lattice with the number “1955” (the year of opening the station). You will see the photo reading about another station. The platforms are illuminated by richly decorated chandeliers, which are covered by Soviet symbols: hammer and sickle, and five-pointed stars.
Features of the station:
The length of haul “Vladimirskaya” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya” is 720 meters. This is the shortest stage in Petersburg subway.
Ploshad’ Vosstaniya is the St. Petersburg’s first station with two exits. The second ground lobby is built in the building of the Moscow station (which is very convenient – if you are going to the station by subway, you can go underground practically to the entrance of the station. You can read more about changing the lines). So, if you are going to the part of the station where you see the elevator – that is an exit to Ploshad Vosstaniya Square and Nevsky prospect, if you are going to the stairs – there you will find the exit to Ligovskiy prospect, Moscow Station, a big shopping mall Galeria. See it on the map below.
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange hub to trains of the green line to the station “Mayakovskaya”. I advise you to have a look at this station by using the transfer escalator in the center of the hall (you can read more about the station in the article of the 3rd line of the subway) To the top
There you can see a number of stations that differ from others by their beauty and meaning. If you are limited in time, you are highly recommended to see the earliest stations of the 1st line – they are marked by the sign *.
Description and peculiarities of subway and the underground stations of St Petersburg
It is the most northern subway in Russia. It’s most northern station is – Parnas (Парнас), the most western- Primorskaya (Приморская).
St. Petersburg has the deepest subway in the world. It’s average depth is 57 meters. Admiralteyskaya station is the deepest station in Russia with the emplacement depth of 102 meters.
The first line of St. Petersburg subway was launched in 1955. It is also known as Red line, the name symbolically reflected the ideas of the Soviet era, the color choice was not accidental – it was the color of revolution.
Features: Originally there was only one underground line with eight stations in the style of Stalin’s empire. At the moment, due to the undeniable beauty these stations are officially listed in the state register of cultural heritage objects of regional significance.
Second or Blue line of Petersburg metro was launched in 1961. At that time there were no architectural frills: no decorative bas-reliefs and sculptures, the stations itself had short halls, there was tile instead of marble.
Features: for the first time in the USSR (it was in 1965), they made a system of automatic control of trains without the train drivers. Also for the first time in the history of world subways- the stations were built as “horizontal lifts” – that helped to reduce injuries in the subway, also it led to a quicker construction.
Third or Green line of St. Petersburg subway was opened in 1967.
Features: the line passes under the Nevsky Prospect, and has long spans (for instance, the distance between stations Elizarovskaya and Alexander Nevsky Square I is 4,7 km, that is the longest Russian underground span).
Advice: reckon your time of travel considering the long distances between stations – though there are few stations in a line, the ride from one station to another takes about 4-5 minutes.
Fourth or Orange Line. This is the first completely underground line St. Petersburg metro.
Fifth or purple line St. Petersburg metro. The line is the most modern among others – new stations open practically annually.
General features of the stations:
For the early subway stations of the 1st line there were built separate lobbies with domes (station Ploshad’ Vosstaniya, for instance, was built on the site of the temple which was specially destroyed for that matter, and now it is architecturally reminiscent of its predecessor – it has the rotunda with a spire).
Petersburg’s subway has an interesting effect of the so-called “slides” used only in this city. The train goes from the station down the hill, which reduces power consumption, and at the exit to the station, it goes up due to compressed air.
Petersburg subway has unusual for the world engineering types of the stations – “horizontal lifts”. “Horizontal lift” is a type of closed station, characterized by the closed doors in the side aisles, similar in planning to an ordinary elevator. When the train arrives to the station wagon doors coincide with doors along the platform and they automatically open along the entire side of a platform. That structure of stations prevented falling on the rails and led to building new stations more quickly, although the price for building and maintaining of the stations was even higher than for usual ones.
There were so many interesting stories and things about St. Petersburg’s subway, that a special “subway” museum was opened in the fall of 2005, it was dedicated to a “beautiful underground city”- St. Petersburg. The museum is located next to the station Приморская (if I am not mistaken, it is closed for reconstruction).
There are certain rules of behaviour for subway passengers, you can find them on the general page about subway. The most important rules to remember are the following: you can make photos without flash, you cannot eat and drink at the stations (you may get a fine for breaking the rules).
Disposition of some stations may be unexpected for the tourists, so I strongly recommend you to read the list of stations that differ from others.
if it is possible, try to avoidusing the subway at rush hours, from about 8 to 9 am and from 6 to 7 pm;
if using the subway plan your total time of the ride adding 10-15 extra minutes (the reasons: you may not be able to enter the train at the first attempt or will stand in the tunnels for a while – a usual thing there).
If you are thinking about subway of St. Petersburg only as a mean of transport, you are a little bit wrong – that the space is created to be a true work of art that could show the beauty and greatness of the country. Going from station to station you can see marble of different kinds and colors, fabulous mosaics, sculptures, startling chandeliers, informational (for learning Russian history) bas reliefs. You will be amazed checking out the stations mentioned in a Regional Heritage list.
Here are the stations with the correct and practical order of viewing. The tour will take approximately an hour- hour and a half.
7. Звенигородская*. 8. Обводный канал. 9. Волковская. 10. Адмиралтейская. 11. Спортивная. 12. Крестовский остров. In order to change the line you will need to go to the station Садовая of this line and change station to Спасская (orange line) – you can do it by going down the stairs in the center of the station.
13. Площадь Александра Невского. After visiting the station you should go to Dostoyevskaya station, turn to the left, see the escalator (not the stairs), go there, pass the underground passage, see another station of the red line (Vladimirskaya).
14. Владимирская. 15. Площадь Восстания. Change the line to a green one to see the station of “horizontal lift” type (you can do it in the middle of the station by using elevators).
16. Маяковская (if you want to exit in the tourist spot of Nevsky prospect -near the most famous attractions- you can go one stop till station Gostiniy Dvor).
The stations marked by blue color with an asterisk are interchange.
For your convenience, check out the post about subway to have a look at the map of subway and to print it.
Enjoy your tour over one of St. Petersburg wonders!
It is possible to ride the subway in two ways: using the tokens or putting a contactless smart card to a turnstile. The tokens are good for infrequent travel in the subway, and also for night travel (according to the schedule of the subway).
It is possible to buy a token at the subway ticket window, but the most convenient option is to use the special machine gun which issues the required number of tokens and the change for the banknote of 100 rubles. The ticket for a multi ride is coded on a smart card “Podorozhnik” (“Подорожник”). A smart card is of blue or violet color which can be purchased in the ticket booth or in the multifunctional device.
If you plan to use a smart card, be aware that in addition to the cost of the ticket itself you will need to pay a deposit (55 rubles) for the card, which can be returned to the cashier (you will be refunded the deposit there). In St. Petersburg, the metro ticket offices do not issue a receipt or document confirming the payment of travel; if you need to confirm travel expenses, ask the cashier to write a check. If the tourist plans to use the subway frequently, I would recommend the cards with a limit on them of 10, 20, 25, 40 or 50 rides.
Attention – there is a limit of the next time passage for the cards. It is specified in the table (the information is taken from the official website of the subway).
Number of rides
Baggage payment. If you have the luggage, you need to buy a special white baggage token. With that token you can pass the special turnstile near the cabin controllers. Simply say on cash desk ” Oplata Bagazha” (“Оплата багажа”= “payment for the luggage”).
Ticket for 10 trips and 7 days (can not be recorded on an electronic purse card).
Ticket for 20 trips and 15 days
Ticket for 40 trips and 30 days
The electronic cards “Подорожник” and “Card of the guest” have an unlimited number of trips. The price for the rides reduces with the growing number of the rides.
*Timeout is the time of repeated pass under the same ticket.
Money for unused trips is not refundable, but you can return the card to the cash desk and get the collateral value.
There are the discounts for the trips in the underground in a calendar month (based on the rate per trip) – information is actual for June 2014 (the information is also taken from the official website of the subway)
The contactless card МЕТРО is intended for the multi rides. It doesn’t have the functions of the electronic ticket, it can have the exact purchased amount of rides. It can be used after the refilling of the rides and next time it can be paid for is after the end of the purchased time.
The contactless smart card “Подорожник“. It is intended to be used as an electronic purse – it can have the money on it be which you can pay for the ride. Also it is possible to buy the multi ride tickets on it.
The contactless smart card “Card of the guest”. You can use it as an electronic purse.
If you ride in public transport with baggage you need to pay for it separately.
Refilling the travel card
The maximum sum to refill the card is 15000 rubles. The minimum is the fare of the ride in public transport (for the year 2014 it is 25 rubles for trams, buses and trolleybuses).
The basic information
If you have the smart card you should put it in the special card receiver of the multipurpose machine. On the screen there will be information about the balance of your account and different options, you can choose English language for the operations. The machine accepts coins (1, 2, 5 rubles) and the banknotes (the banknotes should have the rating mentioned on the screen, otherwise the banknotes will be given back by the machine).
The step-by-step instruction:
1. Insert the card into the receiving slot, labeled as “Insert the card.” The screen will display the current status of the ticket on your card.
2. Click “Pay”. Display shows a list of tickets types you can buy. If the valid travel ticket card is already written on the card and not used till the end, it does not allow the replenishment of trips. There will be a message on the screen “The payment of this card is impossible”
3. Choose the ticket you want to purchase from the list of options by clicking on it at the left. If you choose the type of ticket with an arbitrary number of trips and validity of 90 days, set the resource for ticket corresponding buttons on the screen. The same procedure goes for refilling the card with the money for the electronic card.
4. Click “Pay”. The screen will display the chosen value of the ticket and the maximum value of the banknotes.
5. Enter the banknotes or coins into the respective receiver in the amount of the cost of the selected ticket (note – if you are refilling the electronic card and you want to refill it with more than one banknote, put it into receiver one after another and when you are done, click the option “”to pay). The screen will display the resource of a purchased ticket and the message on completion of record of the ticket on the card.
6. Take delivery of the bowl return and the card with a recorded ticket.
Advice – insert money into the money machine without long delays, otherwise the machine will be locked and the screen will display “The automat is locked, wait for the arrival of the cashier.” In this case, refer to the cashier station.
Advice – Do not remove the card inserted into the machine until the completion of the ticket recording. The cancel of purchase the ticket is only possible before inserting the money and is made by pressing the “Cancel” button on the screen machine or removing the card from the machine.
Automatic token-selling machine
You can get the tokens in automatic machines which are situated in the lobbies of the Petersburg subway; also you can use the multi functional device for this purpose.
Advice– perhaps, the subway can be the only public transport where it is possible to exchange the banknote of a big value (only if you come not late at night and not early in morning).
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