Personally, I do not recommend buying the salads in the shops. I do not mean that they will be bad, old or containing something unhealthy, but if you really want to try the salads, it is better to order that in the restaurants – you will be more sure about the quality and freshness (that is about all the salads with mayonaise – most of the salads contain mayo).
You can try sauerkraut, if you wish – it should be ok!
Mustard – горчица, horseradish- хрен – they have very saturated taste there, usually eaten with Russian dumplings
Georgian sauses – to recall them in memory, please, check the article about Caucasian food.
Russian sweets – конфеты, the most famous ones are: toffee, candy Pigeon milk- “конфеты птичье молоко“, different types with wafers: I prefer Мишка на Севере.
Russian chocolate- шоколад (I hope that you know that Russian bitter chocolate is one of the best in the world). I prefer buying it in specialised shops of chocolate factory Krupskaya (the website is stated in a shopping article).
Glazed cheese cake – Сырок глазированный (they can be plain or with different sweet stuffings), use the Word Lens app to understand the ingredients =)
Halva – халва (the most popular types are of sunflower -подсолнечная, peanut- арахисовая or combined). It can be also glazed in the form of sweets, which is also very tasty (the most popular producer of glazed halva sweets is “Рот фронт”, looks like this ).
Dairy Ice cream – сливочное мороженое. As far as I know the brands “Петрохолод” and “Как раньше” make good icecream in the icecream cones.
Condensed milk – сгущённое молоко or сгущёнка - a very tasty product, usually used with pancakes, white bread, with coffee and even plain (by the sweet tooth). It can be plain or with cocoa =)
Honey- мёд (I would recommend you buying that product in a chain of specialised shops, stated in a shopping article). Honey can be solid (in honeycombs) and liquid.
cottage cheese of different fat content – творог
sour cream -сметана (is used as a topping for pancakes, Russian soups)
beverages (see below)
mors, berry-drink (usually made of cranberry) -морс,
kefir – кефир, fermented baked milk – ряженка,
mead- медовуха (i recommend trying it in a special honey shop),
“Avtovo” is located between the stations “”Leninsky Prospekt” and “Kirovskiy zavod “. The station was named due to the location in historic place called Avtovo.
It is famous for its columns with decorative glass, a special cut of which, thanks to the refraction of the light beam, creates an unusual glow effect of columns from inside.
The station was opened on the 15th of November1955 year as a part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”, and the first train that arrived to Leningrad subway came there.
Pavilion of station is decorated by twin six-columned portico and a dome.
The base of the dome has the following words: “Glory for centuries to brave defenders of Leningrad, who defend the city-hero in the battles”. The facades of pavilion are decorated by panels “Defense of Petrograd in 1919″ and “the defense of Leningrad in 1941-1943.”
There is also a panel “Defenders of Leningrad” in pavilion .
“Avtovo” – Shallow column station, so-called “Moscow style” (the depth is just 12 m). It was the first shallow station in the line.
The defense of Leningrad is also a theme of underground part of station. Chandeliers, lamps, ornaments of lattices are decorated with laurel branches, gilded swords and other emblems of military valor. The face wall of the central underground hall is decorated by the mosaic panel “Victory”, depicting a woman with a baby, symbolizing peace.
Flat ceiling of the hall is held by 46 columns. Not all columns are round: there are two square columns at the entrance to the station. 30 columns are lined with marble, and 16 – with decorative plates of molded glass with a reflux relief (due to lack of funds not all the columns were covered with glass). For prevention of cracking of glass at an immersion of concrete columns supporting structures, glass panels were fixed by a decorative metal strip wrapped around the column. The internal surface of glass panels had a cut relief, with a corner of sides of 80 degrees. Due to such a cutting the optical effect is created — light is reflected from sides before it reaches concrete, and transparent glass ceases to shine through. Therefore support structures are not visible under the glass and all columns appear to be glass monoliths.
Achieving that effect was quite difficult, since the faces had to be placed at a certain angle (80 degrees). Big help in creation of such a station was given by scientists, especially the famous connoisseur of art glass, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences N.N. Katchalov.
The station still keeps the board, which shows whether the train goes farther or leaves the depot.
Features of the station:
Glass has long been used as a cladding material, but it was used for the first time for decoration of the subway station.
“Avtovo” became the first station of the Leningrad underground without escalators.To the top
“Kirovskiy zavod” is a deep column station of St. Petersburg subway. Located between the stations “Narvskaya” and “Avtovo.”
The station was opened on the 15th of November1955 year as a part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. It was named due to the proximity of the territory of Kirov factory.
The pavilion is made in the typical for that time classic style, its shape is resembling an ancient Greek temple, which has a wide granite staircase. The rectangle of the building is formed by 44 Doric columns with flutes.
Theme of station – the development of socialist industry.
Underground station hall is lined with smoky-gray Caucasian marble. 31 pairs of columns arranged in two long rows and connected by flat arches, organize prospect of stati ons. The top of each column is decorated with cast aluminum with high- reliefs with industrial emblems. Chasing and partial polishing of high-reliefs make impression of silver appearance. 32 pairs of cartouches (the first from an entrance on station is established on the edge of a wall) are devoted to four bases of the heavy industry: electrification, coal, oil and metallurgical industry. Under high-reliefs it was planned to post marble boards with letters of Leningrad residents to “the father of nations” Stalin.
For the first time in the history of St. Petersburg subway they used “luverly lighting” for decoration of an underground station. The grummet represents the pass-through lattice consisting of strips of organic glass. There are the lamps of “daylight” behind it at a certain distance, and the light passing through square openings of a lattice, creates smooth, calm lighting. The soft, diffused light streams from above, from the square light plafonds which are cut through in a ceiling. That creates the illusion that there is an open sky above, behind the arches.
The ceiling of the central hall is decorated with a stucco molding. It has the letter “K” surrounded by wreaths of leaves and a star. In 2005 Lenin’s bust was opened after long restoration and placed at a face wall of the central hall. There is “path” to the bust made of claret granite with the black-and-white edging conducts.
The station also has a door with the of opening the line-1955.To the top
” Narvskaya” is a deep pylon station of Petersburg subway. It is located between the stations “Baltiyskaya” and “Kirovskiy Zavod”.
The station was opened on the 15th of November 1955 as part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – ” Ploshad Vosstaniya.” It was named due to the location in the historic district of Narva Gate. The pavilion is located on the Stachek (Strikes) Square (Narva are in the past) where the Narva Triumphal Gate stands.
Over the course of escalator there is an installed panel “Glory to labor!”. The group of workers, military, women and children that gathered for a rally on Lenin square looks into the empty center of high-relief. Most likely, the original figure in the center had to be Stalin.
Theme of station – labor valor of the Soviet people.
On a face wall of the central underground hall originally there was a big mosaic panel “Stalin on a Tribune”. In 1961, after the XXII Congress of the CPSU, the panel was closed by a marble trim wall. In the fenced off area there was hosted a conference room, later it was converted into linear point of drivers of “Avtovo” depot, which is still there. This mosaic was not exposed in the museum of Subway and with a lack of information no one knows if the panel still exists.
The side walls of the pylons of the central underground hall are decorated with high-relief depicting people of different occupations (48 panels with 12 recurring theme):
” Baltiyskaya ” is a deep column station of St. Petersburg subway. It is located between the stations “Narvskaya” and “Technologeskiy Institute”. The station was opened on the 15th of November 1955 as part of the initial line of the subway “Avtovo” – ” Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The name derives from the proximity to the train station. Baltiyskaya – is a station of two train stations. The ground lobby hall is located near the Baltic station, and Warsaw railway station is not far away.
Between the columns of the portico ground pavilion, in a niche behind a colonnade above the doorways there are five bas-reliefs of outstanding Russian naval commanders:
Portrait of Admiral Ushakov.
Portrait of Admiral Lazarev.
Portrait of Admiral VA Kornilov.
Portrait of Admiral Nakhimov.
Portrait of Admiral Makarov.
Later I will make a page about all these people (track the news!)To the top
The decoration of the station shows power and glory of the Soviet Union as a great naval country. There is an illusion of marine space, which is created by gray-blue walls lined by Ural marble. Impression is reinforced when looking at the ceiling. The walls are swollen like a sail. No chandeliers or lamps are seen, light pours out of the eaves from 1200 hidden lamps.
The props of arches are decorated by semi-columns. Ribbed vault ceiling is bordered by two zigzag blue ribbons, associated with swollen sail. On the door track walls there are installed decorative lattice, with images of the anchor.
End wall of the central hall is decorated with mosaic underground “1917”, made by the sketch artists in Florentine mosaic technique – drawing was gathered from large pieces of marble and color stones. On the panels you can see the revolutionary sailors of the Baltic Sea, together with the workers and soldiers going to storm the Winter Palace and a silhouette of the cruiser “Aurora” on a background .
Features of the station:
Prior to the opening line they wanted to portray Stalin surrounded by seamen-Baltic Fleet sailors, but the project was abolished. Also the architects wanted to put a map of the area with the purpose of showing the part of the Baltic Sea in Leningrad, that was not implemented, too.To the top
Description of station:
“Technological Institute” –was the first in the USSR (and the only in St. Petersburg) station with rewiring (commutating) ways: the trains of the two lines come in one room, for an interchange of lines the passanger should cross the platform to another side. For going in the opposite direction the passenger needs to go to another hall (you can see the examples of interchanging there).
The station is located between the stations “Baltiyskaya” and “Pushkinskaya”, as well as the 2nd line between the stations “Sennaya Ploshad’” and “Frunzenskaya”. This is the biggest station of the initial subway line.
The station consists of two halls, the first of which was opened in the 15th of November 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya.” It was named due to the location of ground lobby is located in the vicinity of the Institute of Technology. The Office of St. Petersburg Underground is located in the same building.
The first hall
The main material used for the decoration of the station was ural marble.
Initially, in the central space of platform hall, between the columns (in the “round room”), the walls were decorated with medallions of “luminaries of science” – Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin. During the transition construction the bas-reliefs of Friedrich Engels and Joseph Stalin were taken away (now they are displayed in the St. Petersburg Museum of subway) and two others (of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin) remained there. Besides being decorated by the bas-reliefs, the station is ornamented with wreaths of laurel and palm branches which are considered to be symbols of science. In the center of the arch of the round hall there is a small multicolored stained glass window simulating the surface. The columns of the underground hall have 24 bas-reliefs of outstanding Russian and Soviet scientists.
The main theme of design is the achievements of Russian and Soviet science.
Here is a list of the most world-famous persons depicted in the bas-reliefs:
Michurin (1855-1935) – biologist
Bekhterev (1857-1927) – physician
Timiryazev (1843-1920) – scientist
Mechnikov (1845-1916) – biologist
Popov (1859-1905) – physicist
Yablochkov (1847-1894) – Electrical engineer
Maclay (1846-1888) – the ethnographer
Pirogov (1810-1881) – surgeon
Lobachevsky (1792-1856) – mathematician
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765) – the first Russian scientist naturalist of world importance, the poet.
Przhevalsky (1839-1888) – Russian traveler and naturalist.
Kovalevskaya (1850-1891) – Russian mathematician and engineer.
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935) – Russian scientist theorist and researcher, founder of modern astronautics.
Mendeleev (1834-1907) – an outstanding Russian chemist.
When constructing transitions, along with reliefs Engels and Stalin, the following bas-reliefs were removed:
Favorsky (1860-1945) – Russian and Soviet chemist.
A.N.Krylov (1863-1945) – Russian and Soviet naval.
P.s. Later I will make a page about all these people (track the news!)
The second hall in contrary to the first, has a simple, functional style (it was built in the years of lack of excesses). The platforms of stations are decorated simply, with marble walls of the pylons and the track walls – black and white tile with a strip of gray granite on the top.
Marble pylons are decorated with chronological inscriptions on the achievements of Soviet science and technology. The Chronicle is conducted from 1920 to 1979.
The list of accomplishments published on the station (I’ve added world famous ones)
1934: The Soviet scientists first developed the theory of chain reactions.
1937: There was first Soviet drifting station in the Arctic.
1938: Exploration of the Great Northern Sea Route
1953: High-speed electronic computers were created in the Soviet Union.
1954: The first-ever nuclear power plant gave current.
1955: jet passenger planes were created in the USSR.
1957: Soviet Union launched the world’s first artificial earth satellite.
1958: In the USSR the world’s largest synchrophasotron became operational. The first Soviet automatic factory was also built.
1959: The Soviet space rocket reached the surface of the moon. the world’s first nuclear-powered icebreaker “Lenin” was built. Soviet missil photographed an invisible side of the Moon.
1960: In the USSR, the world’s first artificial diamonds were produced. The invention and the beginning of the technical development of optical quantum generators lasers. The first ships with hydrofoils were created In the USSR.
1961: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made a space flight In the 12th of April for the first time in the world.
1965: Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov made the first spacewalk ever.
1969: the world’s first set of continuous steel casting was created and developed In the USSR.
1970: For the first time in the history a Soviet self-propelled vehicle “Lunokhod-1″ was delivered to the moon. For the first time in the history the Soviet automatic station brought back to Earth the lunar soil.
1971: The launch of the first Soviet scientific long-term orbital station “Salyut”.
1977: The Soviet nuclear-powered icebreaker “Arktika” for the first time in the history of navigation reached the North Pole.To the top
“Pushkinskaya” – St. Petersburg metro station. It is situated between the stations “Technologicheskiy Institute ” and “Vladimirskaya”.
It was named due to the proximity of the Vitebsky station (ex. Tsarskoye Selo), that was connecting St. Petersburg with city of Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo), where the famous poet Aleksandr Pushkin lived and studied in the Lyceum from 1811 to 1817 (later Pushkin lived in Tsarskoye Selo in 1831). Originally the clearance of a station was planned to be devoted to the construction of the Tsarskoye Selo Railway, the first in Russia In the final project the subject changed — the station became entirely devoted to the great Russian poet, and now it is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the Petersburg subway.
On December 1, 2013 the station lobby was closed for repairs for a major overhaul of the oblique stroke and-swap escalators. For an entrance and exit of the station passengers should use a lobby of the 5th line station Zvenigorodskaya that is connected with “Pushkinskaya” by an interchange pedestrian tunnels. Opening of a Pushkinskaya station lobby after repair is planned on 30th of June 2015 year (keep track on the news).
The lobby includes:
The central circular room, the ceiling of which is decorated with a stucco molding.
There is a square hall, separated from the central circular hall big arch, located above the escalator rise. Above an inclined course There is a bas-relief medallion with a profile image of Pushkin on the wall of that hall.
Pylons are faced with white marble, floor is lined with dark red granite. On the edge of the red granite there is a tiled pattern of black and white stone. The station is illuminated by black metal light fixtures with crystal bowls which are standing in the niches. Lamps are decorated with gilded stylized shields, spears and other finishing details.
At the end face of the central underground hall there is a statue of Pushkin made by Anikushin (the author of Pushkin monument placed on the Arts Square). Behind the statue there is a panel of artist M. Engelke representing a part of “Tsarskoye Selo” park. The panel is illuminated from below by fluorescent lamps. Thanks to soft, matte colors, illumination and an arrangement of separate parts of composition everyone has the feeling of standing not at the end of the station, but in front of attractive park.
The floor of passes on platforms is laid out by granite with the simple tile of light color around it.
On the track walls of platforms there are seen tiles of two colors: the bottom – black, top – white; there are also the doors with decorative lattices marked as “1955” (the station was opened in 1956, but for the stations of the first line the same lattices were made in advance). Platforms are lit with small graceful chandeliers. Two chandeliers were removed from a ceiling over the platform in a place of underpass to “Zvenigorodskaya” station and put in underpass.To the top
Features of the station:
The station is considered to be the first memorial in the underground of the USSR. The first underground monument was installed here. Besides, this monument — not the only monument to Pushkin in St. Petersburg subway (the second monument is located at the station “Chernaya Rechka”).
The length of “Pushkinskaya” – “Technologicheskiy institute” haul is about 780 meters. This is one of the shortest spans in St. Petersburg subway.
This is the only St. Petersburg subway station, which is not connected to the train station building that is located nearby. To get to Vitebskiy train station, you need to get out of the station hall (when it is open).
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange node to trains of the 5th line (the station “Zvenigorodskaya”).
Vladimirskaya is the station of pylon type. It is situated between the stations “Pushkinskaya” and ” Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The station was opened November 15, 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. The name is explained by Vladimirskaya Square and Vladimirsky Avenue located nearby.
All underground hall is revetted with white Ural marble, harmonizes well with bronze decoration items. The dark granite floor and massive chandeliers contrast with a white smooth surface of walls. The track walls are also covered with marble.
Station lobby faced with golden-yellow marble. The building of a ground entrance closely adjoins walls of the Kuznetchniy market, that defined the subject of a bright mosaic panel “Plenitude”.
Features of the station:
The length of haul “Vladimirskaya” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya” is 720 meters. This is the shortest stage in Petersburg subway.
In 1991 for creating a transfer to another line the central hall was extended a little due to wrecking of the service premises occupying earlier part of lateral halls of station. As a result of reconstruction end faces of lateral halls look is absolutely unlike the main part of station: the main part of station is revetted with marble and lit with lamps with a yellowish range, and end faces of platforms are painted in a simple way and lit with luminescent tubes.
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange node to trains of the 4th line (station “Dostoevsky”).To the top
Ploshad Vosstaniya – station of pylon type, was opened November 15, 1955 as part of the first subway line “Avtovo” – “Ploshad Vosstaniya”. It was named due to the location – the Uprising Square (in Russian “Площадь Восстания”).
Due to the fact that the first stations were planned to have separate lobbies with domes, the appearance of the lobby of this station resembles a temple (by the way, earlier there was Znamenskaya Church (of the Sign) located on the site of the vestibule, and the square was also known as Znamenskaya (of the Sign). Later it was renamed Uprising Square in honor of the revolt of 1917). The building, which is considered to be one of the symbols of St. Petersburg subway has a rotunda with a spire that was crowned with a star in a laurel wreath since the construction. A month before the opening of a monument to the Uprising Square, also crowned by a star, a star on the steeple of the metro station was replaced by the letter “M” (meaning , “Metro”). Later, the letter disappeared.
The theme of underground hall – October armed Uprising in 1917.
On the pylons of the central underground hall in interchange between the escalator and exit to the Moscow Railway Station there are four bas-reliefs:
“Speech of Lenin at the Tauride Palace”. Sculptor A.I. Dalinenko (contains the only remaining image of Stalin in St. Petersburg)
“V. Lenin at the shelter at Sestroretzkiy Razliv (the lake) “. Sculptor V.B. Pinchuk
“Shot of “Aurora””. Sculptor A. Razumovsky
“Storming of the Winter Palace”. Sculptor V.I. Tatarovich
The track walls are decorated with the same red marble and decorative plaster cornices, like the rest part of the station. In the lower part of the walls there is the black strip of tiles, the same as in the rest of the first stations of the line. On the doors of the track walls there were decorative lattice with the number “1955” (the year of opening the station). You will see the photo reading about another station. The platforms are illuminated by richly decorated chandeliers, which are covered by Soviet symbols: hammer and sickle, and five-pointed stars.
Features of the station:
The length of haul “Vladimirskaya” – “Ploshad’ Vosstaniya” is 720 meters. This is the shortest stage in Petersburg subway.
Ploshad’ Vosstaniya is the St. Petersburg’s first station with two exits. The second ground lobby is built in the building of the Moscow station (which is very convenient – if you are going to the station by subway, you can go underground practically to the entrance of the station. You can read more about changing the lines). So, if you are going to the part of the station where you see the elevator – that is an exit to Ploshad Vosstaniya Square and Nevsky prospect, if you are going to the stairs – there you will find the exit to Ligovskiy prospect, Moscow Station, a big shopping mall Galeria. See it on the map below.
Transfer to another line
The station is an interchange hub to trains of the green line to the station “Mayakovskaya”. I advise you to have a look at this station by using the transfer escalator in the center of the hall (you can read more about the station in the article of the 3rd line of the subway) To the top
Информационно-туристический портал, располагающий самой необходимой информацией для посещения города. По данным адресам Вы можете найти информационные павильоны.
Restoclub – ресторанная афиша на вечер, возможность поиска ресторана на карте, фильтрация ресторанов по Вашим предпочтениям. Afisha-restaurants – онлайн портал с возможностью фильтрации по районам, кухне, среднему счёту. Allcafe
There you can see a number of stations that differ from others by their beauty and meaning. If you are limited in time, you are highly recommended to see the earliest stations of the 1st line – they are marked by the sign *.
If you are thinking about subway of St. Petersburg only as a mean of transport, you are a little bit wrong – that the space is created to be a true work of art that could show the beauty and greatness of the country. Going from station to station you can see marble of different kinds and colors, fabulous mosaics, sculptures, startling chandeliers, informational (for learning Russian history) bas reliefs. You will be amazed checking out the stations mentioned in a Regional Heritage list.
Here are the stations with the correct and practical order of viewing. The tour will take approximately an hour- hour and a half.
7. Звенигородская*. 8. Обводный канал. 9. Волковская. 10. Адмиралтейская. 11. Спортивная. 12. Крестовский остров. In order to change the line you will need to go to the station Садовая of this line and change station to Спасская (orange line) – you can do it by going down the stairs in the center of the station.
13. Площадь Александра Невского. After visiting the station you should go to Dostoyevskaya station, turn to the left, see the escalator (not the stairs), go there, pass the underground passage, see another station of the red line (Vladimirskaya).
14. Владимирская. 15. Площадь Восстания. Change the line to a green one to see the station of “horizontal lift” type (you can do it in the middle of the station by using elevators).
16. Маяковская (if you want to exit in the tourist spot of Nevsky prospect -near the most famous attractions- you can go one stop till station Gostiniy Dvor).
The stations marked by blue color with an asterisk are interchange.
For your convenience, check out the post about subway to have a look at the map of subway and to print it.
Enjoy your tour over one of St. Petersburg wonders!
Have you heard anything about a free entrance to the museums of St. Petersburg? For the foreigners the list consists of 4 museums, you can check them out below.
Hermitage – the 1st Thursday of each month (by the way, if you check couchserfing.org, you can find information about monthly meetings of enthusiasts who want to explore the museum together). If you do not want to come to the opening of museum, to avoid lines you can take the free ticket in advance – on Wednesday’s evening.
Zoological Museum -every last Thursday of each month (except the days of pupil’s holidays. this year the days are: autumn – 27.10- 05.11, winter – 29.12-12.01, spring – 23.03-01.04.) http://www.zin.ru/museum/info.html (Russian language only)
Acad. F.N. Chernyshev Central Scientific Geological and Prospecting Museum – the entrance is free, if you are going without the tour guide. The museum works Monday-Friday from 10am to 5pm (they are not working the last friday of the month) http://www.russianmuseums.info/M151 (choose the English version)
*The museums are listed according to the subjective author’s rating
Манты (Крупные паровые пельмени)/ Manti (Traditional Central Asian dish. Big steamed dumplings with chopped meat (usually muttons) (can beserved fried)
Узбекский плов с бараниной (Традиционное узбекское блюдо из баранины и риса с восточными специями и приправами; подается с овощным салатом)/ Uzbek lamb plov (Traditional Uzbek dish made from lamb and rice with oriental spices; served with vegetable salad)
Чучвара / Chuchvara (Tiny home-made dumplings deep boiled or fried with sour cream).
Сарма/ Sarma(Sarma-subtle delicacy, really rich taste for true aesthetes: the traditional basis of dough soaked in honey,with the addition of selected large walnut halves noble)
Чак-чак (Восточная медовая выпечка) / Chack-chack (Oriental honey pastry)To the top
Айран / ayran
Чай/ tea (they have a culture of tea drinking)
Шербет / Sherbet (a traditional drink in the East, prepared from wild rose or licorice and various spices. Currently chefs call sorbet special kinds of soft drinks and fruit juices with added sugar and spice icecream).