History of Vyborg starts from the XI century with an arisen settlement of the Karelians. In 1293 Torkel Knutson, the ruler of Sweden, leading a large army invaded Karelia and built there a stone castle. And in 1323 the Russian-Swedish border was established according to a Peace agreement between the countries.
After foundation of St. Petersburg Peter the Ist conquered the Karelian Isthmus and Vyborg in 1721.
In 1811 Vyborg province was administratively attached to the Grand Duchy of Finland as part of Russia. In 1918 Finland obtained independance, so Vyborg became a Finnish city. After the Russian-Finnish war in 1939, Vyborg became part of the Soviet Union.
Such an intense history leads to a mix of cultures and architectures revealing all the best in one place, Vyborg.
I hope the information above and the nice photos below will be a good reason to check all the places on your own.
Be aware that the city is surrounded by water, so it may be cold and windy during your walk. Take warm clothes and boots. Also, keep in mind that the food in historic center is quite expensive and it is hard to find a product shop with a big range of products, so in addition to hot tea in thermos take some food.
- Vyborgskiy castle with
- Round Tower
- The mid-16th century parts of the Medieval Vyborg town wall
- The Viipuri Library by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto
- Monuments to Peter the Great (1910) and Torkel Knutsson
- Park Mon Repos.
- http://en.vyborg-info.ru/ (official website)
- http://www.vbrg.ru/ (Russian language only)
There you can find some historical notes about the places that you are going to visit, the photos, some plans of the places of interest and, of course, information about fees and schedules. All the information can be saved and/or printed.
Vyborg: how to get there
The buses departing from the bus terminal near subway station “Parnas” and station “Devyatkino”. The busesgo every 40-60 minutes. The whole way takes 2 hours. The bus arrives to the bus terminal that is close to historic center of the city and it’s attractions.
Trains depart from Finlyandskiy train station. If you choose not an “Allegro” train, which goes to Helsinki through Vyborg, you will have a lot of stops on your way to the final destination, so you will spend the same time as going by bus.
Keep in mind that you can ride a bus only if you have a ticket with a seat, but i you go by train the space is unlimited, which means that during rush hours there may be too many people. Also it may be too cold or too hot in the trains unless you are traveling by “Allegro”.
You can see the photos of this wonderful place in Instagram by searching #Vyborg, #Выборг